The city of Nizwa Oman plays an effective role in the backbone of the Omani economy, especially tourism in the Sultanate of Oman despite its geographical distance from the capital, Muscat, because it combines a mixture of natural, historical, and contemporary civil elements. The natural beauty and diversity of the terrain in the state of Nizwa Oman have contributed to attracting the development of the state, as it was the capital of Oman in some of its historical stages, and that development extended until the modern era. Where it received remarkable attention in the comprehensive urbanization plan that was approved by Sultan Qaboos bin Said, may God have mercy on him, after he assumed the reins of power in the Sultanate of Oman, and it settled in many aspects of civilizational development in terms of educational, cultural, artistic and economic…. and others.
What is the city of Nizwa Oman?
The city of Nizwa Oman is one of the cities of the Sultanate of Oman, which is located in the northern region of it. The city is characterized by its combination of the beauty of nature with ancient history, as it contains many natural terrains and vast green spaces of striking beauty, such as valleys, mountains, and agricultural areas such as Wadi Tanuf, Al Jabal Al Akhdar, and Jabal Shams. , which is considered one of the most important natural features of the Sultanate of Oman.
The city also includes many archaeological and religious places and buildings that are distinguished by their beautiful architecture and grandeur, such as the Sultan Qaboos Mosque, in addition to the oldest castles, forts, and caves such as Nizwa Fort, Bait Al Rudaydah Fort, and Al Hoota Cave.
Site of Nizwa Oman
The state of Nizwa Oman, is located 164 km north of the capital, Muscat. It belongs administratively to the Governorate of A’Dakhiliyah and represents a political, economic, urban, and cultural center for the region.
- As it is connected to it from the south by the regions and wilayat’s of Al-Ghubra and Al-Mu’tamir. From the north are Daris, Tanouf, and Al Jabal Al Akhdar, which is the highest and largest mountain range in the entire Arabian Gulf, with heights of up to 3 thousand meters and an area of about 300 square kilometers.
- From the west, Bahla is one of the most prominent UNESCO sites for human heritage.
Tourism in Nizwa Oman
Of this natural geographic brilliance, historical distinction, and development interest; Tourism in Nizwa Oman has become a major place of tourism in Oman for all groups and nationalities.
The climate of the city of Nizwa Oman is also characterized by qualitative moderation in summer and winter. Therefore, it has become one of the most important destinations for Oman and Arab tourism, and the most prominent activities that can be performed in the city of Nizwa Oman, Sultanate of Oman are as follows:
1- Al Jabal Al Akhdar
- A purely natural park, where entertainment and leisure mechanisms depend on its picturesque components of the high mountain range of about 3 thousand meters, and its peaks are covered with beautiful green color most of the time of the year and covered with white snow in winter.
- This distinction of fertility is spread over its entire area by apple trees, peaches, apricots, grapes, figs, pears, saffron, walnuts, and almonds, and with the good hospitality and reception of the people of the villages located in the region, it enhances family happiness, vitality, and fun in the arms of this charming nature.
- It also contains adventure activities targeting young people such as mountain climbing and rafting in the waterways crisscrossed with rocks.
2- Jabal Shams
- It is located in Nizwa Oman and it’s The owner of the highest peak in the Sultanate of Oman and one of the 10 highest peaks in the entire Arab world, with a height of about 3010 meters.
- More importantly, the foot of the mountain along its length forms a sunken valley with many caves and rock formations, making it a prime location for safari enthusiasts, desert camping and mountaineering.
3- Wadi Tanuf
- It is located in the distance between Nizwa Oman and Bahla, and this place is considered among the most important tourist places in Nizwa Oman, due to the natural valley encompassing many stunning views across its area.
- Wadi Tanuf contains important archaeological sites and ancient ruins in the history of the region, especially the collection of antiquities and collectibles that tell the history of the period of the Omani Imamate’s rebellion against the Portuguese occupier.
4- Nizwa Fort
- Its construction dates back to the beginning of the 11th century AH, i.e. the 17th century AD, specifically during the era of the imam “Sultan bin Saif bin Malik al-Ya’rubi,” who made it a center of government and a home for the family together.
- The castle took 12 years to build. It is a giant and towering stone castle with designs of traditional Omani architecture. It takes a circular shape with a diameter of about 45 meters and a height of about 34 meters.
- The castle wall is provided from the top with openings for monitoring and observation, openings for cannons and firing, and the inside of the halls and rooms turned into something like a museum to display the original holdings of the castle of furniture and household appliances, as well as documents, documents and pictures that tell the history of the period.
5- Nizwa Souq
- An old traditional folk market. It also offers fun shopping tours.
- It also provides an introduction to the reality of traditional Omani life, including the most important and prominent traditional products and goods selected from the history of the region, especially those handicrafts and household items.
- The market devotes most of its area to the country’s famous crops of vegetables and fruits.
- There are also the most popular foods, especially seafood and fish, which are offered by market restaurants according to traditional Bedouin cooking and preparation mechanisms.
- The market also contains shops for traditional handicrafts that include fashion, clothes, traditional Omani daggers, gold and silver accessories, pottery, as well as spices, incense and perfumes.